Canada Has Jobs!
A key reason that approximately 250,000 people from across the globe are applying for a Permanent Resident Visa to Canada each year is that there are jobs in Canada! Canada’s expanding economy, combined with large numbers of Canadian workers retiring, has made this an excellent time to immigrate to Canada for many people. This is because Canada’s government and businesses see the value of addressing growing labor shortages across Canada through Canadian immigration. In other words, Canada has thousands of job vacancies to fill and immigrants want to secure these jobs in Canada. Thus, with much of the world still struggling economically, increasing numbers of skilled foreign workers are thinking about Canada jobs as an attractive option for a better future.
To find out if you are qualified for a Canadian work visa, click here.
Consequently, if you want to work in Canada, this webpage will provide you with helpful information about various types of jobs Canada has available; samples of recent average salaries for a range of careers in Canada; the provinces or territories that have the highest probability for finding Canada jobs (in terms of their unemployment rates); and other useful information about jobs in Canada. Keep in mind that the better you prepare for Canadian immigration, including how to search for Canadian jobs and actually secure work in Canada, the greater your chances of having a positive Canadian immigration experience.
Jobs Canada Has to Offer
For those looking for work, the good news is that Canada has a range of job openings to fill all across this huge, beautiful country – tens of thousands of them! To better facilitate filling these various jobs, Canada has created different Visa Types that correspond to the major categories of Canadian jobs:
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (for skilled tradespeople, such as carpenters, electricians, plumbers, welders and other skilled trades);
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (for high-demand professions that often require having a university degree; those with certain pre-arranged employment; and those eligible under the PhD stream. Please note that the Canadian government started accepting applications for this program using new criteria as of May 4, 2013 (with a significant expansion of eligible occupations effective May 1, 2014);
- Provincial Nominee Program (similar to the Federal Skilled Trades Program in seeking skilled tradespeople, but with an emphasis on meeting the demands for these trades in particular Canadian provinces where there is a high demand for these occupations);
- Live-in Caregiver Program (for qualified caregivers who will live with and assist the elderly, disabled, children and others who may require full-time care).
In 2011, around 76% of jobs in Canada were in the services field; 13% of Canadian jobs were in the manufacturing sector; 6% of Canada jobs were in the construction industry; 2% of the work in Canada was in agriculture; and 3% of the jobs in Canada were in other areas of the economy.
Canada Jobs Pay Well
Another reason that Canadian immigration is “hot” and attracting hundreds of thousands of foreign workers every year is that jobs in Canada pay well. For example, the median annual salary (i.e., midway between the highest and lowest salaries) in 2013 for various jobs in Canada were as follows:
Aerospace Engineer ($75,005); Architect ($67,995); Audiologists & Speech-Language Pathologist ($79,040); Auto Worker ($62,400); Banking & Credit Manager ($79,997); Biologist ($67,496); Chemical Engineer ($78,936); Civil Engineer ($79,331); College Instructor ($69,118); Computer Engineer ($79,997); Construction Manager ($72,800); Dental Hygienist ($70,637); Economist and Policy Researcher ($78,728); Electronics Engineer ($76,794); Elementary School & Kindergarten Teacher ($69,992); Financial Analyst ($68,578); Financial Auditor & Accountant ($60,320); Fire Fighter ($68,578); Geologist, Geochemist & Geophysicist ($88,525); Head Nurse & Medical Supervisor ($76,960); Heavy Construction Equipment Supervisor ($62,400); Human Resources Manager ($81,994); Industrial & Manufacturing Engineer ($69,992); Information Systems Analyst ($72,800); Land Surveyor ($62,795); Manufacturing Manager ($75,005); Mechanical Engineer ($75,005); Medical Lab Technician ($63,274); Medical Radiation Technologist ($66,560); Mining Supervisor ($66,664); Occupational Therapist ($73,112); Oil & Gas Drilling Supervisor ($72,800); Oil & Gas Well Operator ($70,720); Petroleum Engineer ($100,006); Pharmacist ($95,680); Pipefitting Contractor & Supervisor ($69,326); Police Officer ($74,880); Power Line & Cable Worker ($66,560); Power Systems Operator ($76,960); Psychologist ($77,875); Purchasing Manager ($75,317); Real Estate & Financial Manager ($82,825); Registered Nurse ($72,800); Sales & Marketing Manager ($79,997); School Principal & Administrator ($91,437); Secondary/High School Teacher ($76,003); Social Worker ($62,982); Software Engineer ($82,992); Telecommunication Manager ($85,342); University Professor ($83,616); Urban Planner ($72,010).
These jobs Canada offers and their median annual salaries are merely a small sample to help illustrate the point that if you want to work in Canada, particularly in a high-demand occupation, the pay and benefits are very competitive with other developed countries, such as the United States. For example, a 2014 report by the London-based Legatum Institute states that Canada is ranked #5 in the world for prosperity, compared to the United States which was rated in 10th place on Legatum's 2014 Prosperity Index. Furthermore, the average net worth of Canadians is among the highest found anywhere around the globe ($442,130 in 2014). Canadian residents are also entitled to free basic healthcare, while most Americans have to pay for basic healthcare. The main point is that if you are looking for work, Canada has good paying jobs and offers a very high standard of living.
Where to Find Employment in Canada
If you are issued a Permanent Resident Visa to Canada, you will have a legal right to live, work and study long-term in Canada, but you will likely want to go to where the jobs are. Depending on which visa type you are approved for by the Canadian government, that choice may be made for you in advance (for example, if you are approved for a work visa to Canada under the Provincial Nominee Program, you will have to accept employment in a particular Canadian province that needs your skills or, if all goes well, even have pre-arranged employment lined up for you in advance). In other cases, however, you may be approved for a work visa to Canada for a skill that is needed across Canada and so you will have to decide where to apply for jobs in Canada, which province or city you prefer to live in (for various personal reasons), etc.
You should be aware that when you look for work, Canada has a range of unemployment rates in its various provinces and territories and this may affect your chances of finding jobs in Canada. As of October 2014, Canada’s overall unemployment rate was 6.5 percent (the lowest unemployment rate since November 2008). There were, however, several Canadian provinces that had unemployment rates in October 2014 substantially lower than Canada’s national average, such as Saskatchewan (3.5 percent), Alberta (4.5 percent), Manitoba (5.0 percent) and British Columbia (6.1 percent) – all in the Western half of Canada. One major reason that these western Canadian provinces and territory have such low unemployment rates is the abundance of high-demand natural resources found in this region of Canada, such as oil, gas, timber and minerals, which has helped to create many jobs in related fields. Closer to Canada’s national average unemployment rate of 6.5% (as of October 2014) were Ontario (6.5 percent) and Quebec (7.7 percent). Keep in mind that in some Canadian provinces, particularly those with high populations (like Ontario and Quebec) and large cities (such as Toronto and Montreal), although the unemployment rate might be higher than more rural areas of western Canada, there may be a higher number of jobs being offered and this should be taken into consideration. Other parts of Canada may be beautiful places to live, but finding work might be a bit more challenging (depending on one’s occupation and the demand for it in any given place, which is a key factor). For instance, in October 2014, the unemployment rate in Nova Scotia was 8.6 percent, Prince Edward Island was 9.2 percent, New Brunswick was 9.3 percent, and in Newfoundland & Labrador the unemployment rate was 12.0 percent.
When it comes to searching for jobs, Canada has several resources available for immigrants. One nice aspect of living in the Information Age is that you can search for work and apply for Canada jobs from anywhere in the world where you have access to the Internet. In many cases, this will not cost you anything (for example, if you already have access to a computer connected to the Internet at your home or can use a family member’s of friend’s computer) or it may involve a minimal charge (for instance, if you have to go to an Internet café). Ideally, you may be able to arrange for work in Canada before you actually immigrate to Canada by using online job search engines; applying for a job in Canada on a company’s website; sending your resume/CV to a business via email; and so forth. The Canadian government also has employment agencies that assist people in finding work, plus there are private organizations that help people find jobs. Canada has many immigrant communities and these can also be a valuable resource in seeking jobs in Canada (e.g., “word of mouth”).
There are additional factors to consider when seeking employment in Canada. For most (if not all) jobs, Canada (and Canadian businesses) will require that you have acceptable English or French language skills. Greater emphasis is now being given to English and French language abilities by the Canadian government in deciding on granting someone a work visa to Canada, so if you improve your skills in English or French (if necessary), you may increase your chances of finding work in Canada. In other situations, your knowledge of a foreign language can be a plus since you may be able to speak to customers in their native language. You should also have an up-to-date resume/CV (one page preferred; two pages maximum) that is tailored for each company that you apply to and that is error-free. Another consideration when seeking Canada jobs is whether your credentials, education or work experience will be recognized in Canada. These and other important issues are taken into account by our immigration professionals in assessing your eligibility for a Permanent Resident Visa to Canada.